Biomes of the World

Forests cover 65% of the total land surface, ranging from the high latitude, cold boreal forests located primarily in Canada, Russia, and Scandinavia, temperate forests located in the mid-latitudes of North America, Eurasia, New Zealand and most of Australia, and southern South America, and tropical forests in Central and South America, Africa and Asia.

Biomes of the world

Land use and human-modified rates of natural disturbance have directly and indirectly altered the exchange of carbon dioxide (CO2) between forests and the atmosphere. Many different ecosystem process models are utilized to model C cycles in these biomes.